Romanian politicians and thought leaders, along with academics and religious liberty advocates from around the world, gathered recently in central Bucharest for a major conference focused on law, ethics, and religious liberty. The third International Religious Liberty Conference was held Nov. 19 in Romania’s renowned Palace of the Parliament, one of the world’s largest buildings and seat of the nation’s legislative assembly.
The conference focused on legal protections for religious freedom in today’s increasingly pluralistic world, and the challenges that arise when different faith groups must share the same space.
Ganoune Diop, secretary general of the International Religious Liberty Association, was one of the plenary speakers, and in his address he recognized the important role that laws play in both protecting individual freedoms and promoting harmonious relationships within society. Diop described religious freedom as a multi-faceted human right, and one that is central to all other human freedoms. As such, it “can function, at the intersection of law, ethics, and religion, as a moral center for pluralistic societies,” said Diop. “Each human being is treated with dignity and allowed to develop his or her potential for the common good, and for the benefit of the human family.”
In his presentation, Deputy Bogdan Ciucă, president of the Committee for Legal Matters of Romania’s Chamber of Deputies, said that legal provisions for religious freedom are in vain if they are only respected because of legal coercion and not willingly, out of love for others.
“It is love that makes me respect the right to happiness of those around me, and it’s also love that makes me respect their right to life,” said Ciucă, referring to recent acts of religiously motivated violence in France and Romania. “This love will also make me respect all the other rights and liberties of those around me, including religious liberty.”
Dr. Nelu Burcea, president of the Conscience and Liberty Association, was one of the main organizers of the event. Until recently, he served as director of the Public Affairs and Religious Liberty (PARL) and Communication departments for the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Romania, but in July this year was elected as associate PARL director for the Adventist world church.
In his address to the conference, Burcea referred to the event’s theme: “Law, Ethics and Religion in the context of Religious Liberty.”
“Even though these three elements seem to be incompatible, a holistic perspective can uncover various unifying elements,” he said. “We can easily see that religion has a powerful influence in enacting laws, but that without a framework of ethics in enforcing those laws, the result will be subjective, partial, and inadequate for creating true religious freedom.”
The papers presented during the conference have been published in the third edition of the Journal of Freedom of Conscience, one of Romania’s premier publications in the area of freedom of religion and belief. Sponsors of the event included Romania’s Conscience and Liberty Association, the Committee for Legal Matters of Romania’s Chamber of Deputies, the International Religious Liberty Association, the International Association for the Defense of Religious Liberty, and the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Romania.